Bleeding between periods

Bleeding in between periods can be worrying, but there are often causes to why you are experiencing this. A discussion with a specialist gynaecologist will help diagnosis the cause and ensure you can consider the best treatment option for you.


There could be a common reason for you to be experiencing irregular bleeding so don’t suffer in silence or feel too embarrassed to talk to a specialist doctor.

  • SEEK HELP – Seek help from a gynaecologist that provides a calm, unhurried environment.
  • DIAGNOSIS – Prompt diagnosis will help undercover what might be causing your symptoms.
  • TREATMENT – Knowing your treatment options allows you to make informed decisions about your women’s health.
  • DON’T DELAY – Prompt treatment of gynaecology conditions often results in a greater chance of success.


Irregular bleeding that occurs outside your normal menstrual period can be worrying but it is rarely the sign of anything serious. Your gynaecologist will be able to investigate the possible causes and offer reassurance.


There are a number of factors that can cause bleeding between periods. These include:

  • Hormonal contraceptives – irregular bleeding in the first three months of taking the pill or having contraceptive injections or implants is very common
  • Missing any combined pills or progesterone only pills
  • Taking emergency contraceptives
  • Sexually transmitted infection, such as Chylamidia
  • Hormonal imbalances – particularly common in women approaching the menopause or with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • Stress
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Cervical polyps
  • Harmless changes to the neck of the womb
  • Some more serious conditions including: cervical cancer or womb cancer


Most women experience irregular bleeding at one point in their life. It is a good idea to talk to a gynaecologist if you are concerned.

There are a number of tests we can perform to find out why you are bleeding in between periods. These include:

  • A test for sexually transmitted infection
  • A cervical screening test
  • An pelvic ultrasound scan
  • A pregnancy test


Depending what the tests find, we will suggest an appropriate course of treatment. In many cases, irregular bleeding settles down by itself.


Bleeding in between periods can be worrying, but there are often causes to your symptoms. Sometimes there is nothing to worry about, however it is always best to seek accurate diagnosis so you can put your mind at rest and ensure the causes are treated effectively.

Cervical erosion, also known as cervical ectropion, or cervical ectopy, is reaonsably common among young women, of childbearing age.

The term cervical erosion can be misleading, as your cervix isn’t actually eroding. It occurs when the soft cells inside the cervical canal spread to the outer area of your cervix. Normally, outside your cervix there are hard cells, known as epithelial cells.

This condition is not considered a disease, it isn’t cancerous and it doesn’t affect fertility. However, it can cause issues for some women and diagnosis is always best to ensure the right course of treatment.


If you are experiencing bleeding in between what would be your natural period cycle, and you don’t want to treat this with hormones, your doctor may consider a endometrial ablation.

This procedure removes the endometrium, the lining of the uterus.

Typically, in most cases, this stops you having periods, or at the least your periods should be very light or return to normal.